Developed from the elegant little Nieuport 11 ' Bebe', the Nieuport
17 and its derivatives served the French Avaition Militaire from mid-1916
into 1918, and was used by all the Allied air services.
Nieuport 17 A213
Captain Albert Ball
No.60 Sqn RFC
Flown by the first of the RFC's great aces, Albert Ball, A213 exhibits
the finish carried by the first Nieuports to enter British service.
Research by Les Rogers and Sqn/Ldr Joe Warne show that these aircaft
were finished in French Olive Drab upper surfaces and Clear Doped Linen
undersurfaces. The flight marking is speculative based on marking practices
of No.60 Sqn at the time. For a more indepth study of this aircraft
and its pilot I recommend the book VICTORIA CROSS: WW1 AIRMEN AND THEIR
AIRCRAFT by Alex Revell (illustrated by myself) and published by Flying
Nieuport 17 A6684
No.29 Sqn RFC
The classic appearance of the Nieuport 17 was an overall aluminum/silver
finish. And this Royal Flying Corps machine shows it well. Although
coloured wheel covers were quite common in British units, bright fuselage
markings were generally frowned upon, so it is surprising to find that
No.29 Sqn was able to make use of a red band on their aircrafft during
the Spring of 1917.
Corporal William Wellman
Escadrille N.87 'les Chats Noir/the Black Cats'
After the Ni.17 (and the similar Ni.23), the next innovation was fairing
in the fuselage to a circular section. this was characteristic of the
remaining Nieuport designs up to the NIe.29. The Nie.24 also featured
a redesigned tail assemnbly of elegant appearnce and a plywood covered
fin and rudder.
Seen here is the aircraft of the American, Wiliam Wellman. Wellman
is better known as the first recipient in 1927 of the new Academy Award
fort Best Director for his movie 'Wings'.
Nieuport 24bis N3588
Lt. Paul Tarascon
Tarascon used the rooster and the nickname 'Zigomar' - a popular fictional
character who was constantly getting into trouble - as his personal
marking. The Rooster was later adopted by N.62, but changed to a more
aggressive stance. Tarascon lost his right foot in a prewar flying accident,
however, despite his handicap he was accepted for aviation duty and
eventually scored 12 victories.
The Nieuport 24bis reverted to the tail surfaces of the Nieuport 17
for reasons given in Tom Cleaver's article.
Lt Jacques Auguste Chaudon
The last of the sesquiplane Nieuports was the Nie.27. By this time
the design had run its course and it was just the less-then- hoped-for
performance of the SPAD VII and XIII that kept them in service. By this
time the benefits of camouflage were becoming more known and most French
aircraft were finished in five colour camouflage of light green, dark
green, beige, chestnut brown and black on their uppersurfaces as seen
on this Nie.27 of N.158. Interestingly they later re-equipped with the
Morane Saulnier AI parasol fighter. . one of only two units to do so.
. however these didn't last long and by the summer of 1918 Escadrille
158 was flying SPADs.